First Generation - E10 series - October 1966
The Corolla was launched in Japan in October 1966. Eiji Toyoda, chairman of the company, said it worked hard to create popular demand, and disputes that Toyota rode a wave of private car ownership that was taking off in the mid-1960s.
The initial car, the KE1x series, was small, with a 90in (2286mm) wheelbase, and came in two- and four-door sedan (KE10 and KE11), two-door coupe (KE15), and three-door station wagon (KE16 and KE18) versions. Power came from either a 1.1L (1077cc/65in³) OHV I4, the K, which produced 60hp (45kW), or the 1.2L (1166cc/71in³) 3K in later models. A 4-speed manual transmission or 2 speed automatic transmission was available, and the car used rear wheel drive. The suspension in front was MacPherson struts supported by a transverse leaf spring beneath the engine crossmember, with leaf springs connected to a solid axle in back.
Toyota has been almost steadfast in facelifting each generation after two years, and replacing it with an all-new model every four years. Exports to the United States began in 1968 at about US$1,700, and the car has been popular since.
Second Generation - E20 series - 1970
The second-generation KE2x model , launched 1970, had "coke-bottle" styling. It had a longer 91.9in (2334mm) wheelbase, and used the 1.2L (1166cc/71in³) 3K I4 which made 73hp (54kW). The front suspension design was improved greatly, using a swaybar, however the rear remained relatively the same. There was a two and four-door sedan (KE20) available, as well as a two-door coupe (KE25), and three-door wagon (KE26). The Corolla became the second-best selling car in the world that year.
* TE-21 - Sedan, 2 Door Sedan
* TE-25 - Wagon, DX
* TE-27 - Hardtop Coupe (Levin/Trueno)
The above models were available, as well as a hardtop coupe called the "SR-5". A 1.6L (1588cc/96in³) 102hp (76kW) 2T engine came in 1971, quite impressive for the time, and the sporty SR5 (aka: Levin in Japan) was introduced in 1973. Corollas with this engine were designated TE21 or TE27.
* TE-21 - Sedan, 2 Door Sedan
* TE-25 - Wagon, DX
* TE-27 - Hardtop Coupe, SR5
Third Generation - E30, E40, E50 series - April 1974
The third-generation Toyota Corolla, built from 1974–81 (worldwide versions) (KE3x/KE5x), marked Toyota's greatest growth in the United States in the wake of the fuel crisis. In addition to the Sprinter, there was a rebodied version built by Toyota affiliate Daihatsu, called the Daihatsu Charmant. While there were certain fourth-generation models with a longer model life, this generation, when considered as a whole, was the longest-lived one, possibly due to the worldwide recession in the 1970s.
All body styles—two- and four-door sedan (KE30), two-door hardtop (KE35) and three/five-door station wagon (KE36/KE38)—still used the 1.2L (1166cc/71in³) 3K engine in certain markets, while most Japanese and American models got the stronger 1.6L (1588cc/96in³) 2T engine. These model codes were designated "TE3x". A "Toyoglide" 2/3-speed automatic transmission was added as well as four-speed and for the "E/5, and "SR5" a five-speed manual transmissions. A three-door "liftback" (KE50) was added in 1976, along with a sporty-looking "sport coupe" body style. The KE40 series was assigned to the Sprinter variants.
* TE-31 - Sedan,2 Door Sedan
* TE-35 - Wagon
* TE-37 - Hardtop Coupe (Levin/Trueno)
* TE-51 - Sport Coupe (Levin/Treuno)
* TE-55 - Liftback
Road & Track was critical of the 1975 Corolla, calling it "large and heavy" and "expensive" compared to the Honda Civic and Datsun B210. They also criticized the "relatively crude rear suspension" and lack of interior space and poor fuel economy when compared to the VW Rabbit. The base model cost US$2,711 in 1975, but one needed to step up to the $2,989 "deluxe" to get features comparable to the contemporary pack.
Early Corollas in this range (KE3x) with 3K engines produced 73hp (54kW) from just 1166cc. However emissions became a problem further into the 1970s, and the 4K engine in the KE5x series produced only 60hp (45kW), despite and increased capacity of 1290cc. These figures are fairly optimistic (probably tested without ancillaries such as alternators or water pumps) to make the car look good for sales, in reality most Corollas of the time produced about 30hp (22kW) at the wheels, which can be estimated to 45hp (34kW) at the flywheel.
The TE3x series 2T-C engines had an additional bump in horsepower thanks to their hemi-design and larger displacement (1588cc)giving the engines 75hp at the flywheel outmatching rival Datsun B210s engine output. A sporty 2T-G engine was also in the lineup in the Japanese model hardtop (AKA Levin) producing 124hp with a DOHC performance head, and later models with fuel injection.
* TE-31 - Sedan, E/5,DX 2 Door Sedan, E/5,DX
* TE-35 - Wagon, DX
* TE-37 - Hardtop Coupe SR5,SR
* TE-51 - Sport Coupe SR5
* TE-55 - Liftback, SR5
Fourth generation - E70 series - 1979
The fourth-generation model (Ke70) released in 1979 in Japan, was a boxy, rear-wheel-drive offering. Although most of the fourth generation was replaced by 1984, the station wagon and van versions soldiered on into 1987. Equally, there was a Daihatsu Charmant variant. The car were also available in coupe versions (TE71 and TE72).
This generation (apart from the wagon) got a new rear coil spring five-link rear end with panhard rod, and the wheelbase was longer at 94.5in (2400mm). A new 1.8L (1770cc/108in³) 3T engine was optional to some markets, producing 75hp (56kW), whilst parts of the world retained the old 4K. The year 1983 introduced the Corolla's first overhead cam engine, the 1.6L (1587cc/96in³) 4A-C in the AE71 model range.
In 1980, during this model's life, Corolla daily production reached an all-time high, averaging 2,346 units.
The 1980-81 models had 4 lamps in the front in some markets, all 82-83 models have 2.
Fifth generation - E80 series - 1983
The fifth generation (AE8x) is generally regarded as the finest Corolla when measured against its contemporaries, and some 3.3 million units were produced. This model, from 1984, moved the Corolla into front wheel drive, except for the AE85 Corolla Levin (SR5 coupe and GT Coupe outside Japan) and AE86 Sprinter Trueno which continued on the older rear wheel drive platform, along with the three-door "liftback" (TE72), three-door van (KE70) and five-door wagon (KE70) of the previous generation, that were still being produced.
The front-wheel-drive wheelbase was now 95.6in (2428mm).
It was the first Corolla to top the New Zealand top-10 lists, ending Ford's dominance of that market. A "short" hatchback range, called the Corolla FX in Japan and the Corolla Compact in Germany, arrived in 1984, on the front-wheel-drive platform. The three- and five-door hatchbacks resembled the Corolla sedan with a truncated boot. Although there was a five-door liftback model of the basic Corolla, the FX-based hatchback was sold alongside it. The five-door liftback was sold with the Corolla Seca name in Australia and the nameplate survived on successive five-door models.
A hot DOHC 16-valve engine, designated 4A-GE, was added in 1983 on the rear-drive cars. It was a 1.6L (1587cc) I4 and produced an impressive 124hp (92kW), turning the Sprinter Trueno (Japan), Corolla GT Coupe (Europe) and Corolla GT-S into a popular sports car. This engine was also combined with the front-drive transaxle to power the mid-engined Toyota MR-2.
The Sprinter sports cars, in two-door coupe and three-door liftback forms, were notable for the line's first use of pop-up headlamps, which the equivalent Corolla Levin sports models did not have. These AE86 models have been immortalized in the anime series Initial D, and have been also featured in the computer and video games Need for Speed: Underground 2, Gran Turismo 3 & 4, and Auto Modellista.
A new Corolla FX, built at the US NUMMI plant, appeared in 1987. It was available with either SOHC or DOHC engines, the latter marketed as the FX-16.
US-market chassis: Also marketed by GM from 1985–1988 as Chevy Nova before becoming Geo Prizm.
* AE-82 - FWD Sedan, FWD 4/2-door hatchback (FX/FX16), FWD 5-door wagon
* AE-84 - 4WD 5-door wagon
* AE-86 - RWD GT-S/SR5 Coupé
Australian-market chassis: Similarity with the Holden Nova
* AE-80 - FWD 4-door Sedan /5-door Hatchback
* AE-82 - FWD 4-door Sedan /5-door Hatchback
* AE-86 - FWD 4-door Sedan /5-door Hatchback
* AE-80 - FWD 4-door Sedan /5-door Hatchback
* EE-80 - FWD 3-door Hatchback
* AE-82 - FWD 3-door Hatchback
* EE-82 - FWD 3-door Hatchback
* AE-86 - RWD 2-door Coupe /3-door Hatchback
Sixth generation - E90 series - May 1987
All Corollas were front-drive for 1987, with production beginning in May 1987. The Geo Prizm shared a slightly different body with the Japan-market Sprinter. The all wheel drive Sprinter Carib wagon used a solid axle rear suspension with coil springs, while the rest used struts all around. It was sold from 1988 to 1994 and had different bodywork to other Corollas. It was called the All-Trac in the US and sold with the Tercel or Corolla name in some countries.
The Sprinter five-door liftback was re-badged as the Corolla in Europe, though for a period in Ireland (and possibly elsewhere) it was badged the "Sprinter GLS", unusually in cheap-looking decals instead of the metallic-coated plastic badges found on all other Toyotas of the time.
The sixth-generation five-door hatchback is still made in South Africa as an entry-level model called the Toyota Tazz. The three-door is sold as a panel van model there, called the Toyota Carri. These generations were also favored by tuners.
American production of the sedan took place at NUMMI and Cambridge, Ontario. These two plants made 279,000 units, making a total of 4.5 million of this generation (AE90) made.
* AE92 - Sedan, SR5/GT-S Coupé, 2WD 5-Door Wagon
* AE95 - 4WD 5-Door Wagon
* EE90 - with the 2E engine
* CE90 - with the C1 engine
* AE92 - with the 4A-F engine and the 4A-GE engine(100 KW)(GTi)
* AE95 - 4WD 5-Door Wagon with the 4A-F or 4A-FE engines
...life just like a chess, if you don't make a move, you loose teh game like mess..
gona rock you like a huricane....